Σαπούνι της γιαγιάς: Kernseife. Jabón de la abuela (II)

Και πάλι σαπούνι με χρησιμοποιημένο ελαιόλαδο, αυτή η φορά στην Ελλάδα. Η φίλη μου η Ιουλία μάσεψε το ελαιόλαδο που της περίσσευε από το τηγάνισμα, και όταν την επισκέφτηκα τον Ιούλη φτιάξαμε σαπούνι με την συνταγή της γιαγιάς μου:

3 λίτρα χρησιμοποιημένο ελαιόλαδο

3 λίτρα νερό

500 γραμμάρια  καυστική σόδα

Η διαδικασία είναι ολόιδια με κάθε σαπούνι που με την κρύα μέθοδο φτιάχνεται. Αν κοιτάξτε προσεκτικά την συνταγή, θα δείτε ότι περιέχει μία μεγάλη ποσότητα καυστικής σόδας. Για αυτό, αυτό είναι ένα σαπούνι πολύ καλό για της λεκέδες στα ρούχα, για πλύσιμο επιφανειών στην, κουζίνα, μπάνιο, κτλ.

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Πρώτον, ανακατεύουμε την καυστική σόδα με το νερό. Σ’ ένα κουβάς και μ’ ένα ξύλινο ρόπαλο.

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Ενώ κρυώνετε λίγο, μετρήσουμε το λάδι και το περάσουμε από ένα σουρωτήρι για να βγάλουμε τα μικρά ρέστα φαγητό.

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Προσθέτουμε το λάδι  στην καυστική σόδα διάλυμα (γενικώς το κάνουμε ανάποδα) και ανακατεύουμε, ανακατεύουμε, ανακατεύουμε, μέχρι να φτάνει στην “trace”

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Και το χύνουμε στην φόρμα (σ’ αυτή την περίπτωση ένα ξύλινο κουτί).

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Το αφήνουμε να στεγνώσει για μια μέρα, και το κόβουμε στην μέγεθος που μας συμφέρει.

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Και… τα δα! εδώ είναι το σαπούνι μας που χρειάζεται μόνο να ωριμάζει για 4/6 εβδομάδες.

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African black soap (free style)

Last year my friend Núria made a travel to Senegal. She brought raw Shea butter (maybe from Gambia) and asked me what we could make with it. Hum…. She gave me some time to think about and some nights after I decided that the best would be to make a very nourishing kind of black african soap, because our poor Spanish hands need extra care during the very cold and long German winters. I made my research and I decided that with the ingredients that I have available the best deal would be to adapt the proposal of Soaping101.

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Ingredients:

Sunflower oil 170.1 gr

Cocoa butter 85 gr

Shea butter 85 gr

Coconut oil 30 gr

Water 133 gr

Lye 51.9 gr

Ground cacao pods 20.3 gr

Ground plantain peels 14.2 gr

Shea butter (superfating) 42.5 gr

I replaced the palm oil with sunflower oil and since the main reason to do this soap was to use the Shea butter, I used it for the superfatting. We leaved it unscented and it seems that the strong smell of the unrefined Shea butter is coming out, but I don’t care and Núria said that it reminds her to Africa. I got the plantains at the Markthalle in Stuttgart Mitte, and after drying the peels in the oven, I ground them. I got also the whole cacao pods and proceed in the same way. Afterwards it goes as follows:

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Make the lye solution.

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Melt the solid oils and add the liquid ones. Mix with the lye solution and stir (I usually begin with my spatula or a wooden spoon, and afterwards use my stick blender).

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I was a bit concerned since last time that I used Shea butter the soap reached trace very very quickly. However, this time it didn’t come so suddenly. Once at trace we added the plantain peels hand in hand, the cacao and the superfatting Shea butter, and stirred once more.

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Then into the molds, and here you have a pic from the day before. The Ph was 9.

And so looks the soap today, 3 weeks after. A bit darker, but nor really black.

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Kitchen soap

Being honest, I do not use any special soap in the kitchen. However, I wanted to make a soap with my mother and thought that she would like this.

Normally, we call kitchen soap to a soap made with coffee and other spices, which have deodorant properties. I will only put the recipe since I didn’t make pics of the process.

476 gr. Olive oil

159 gr. Coconut oil

40 gr. Cacao butter

91,1 gr. Lye

234,4 gr. Water

2 tablespoons of coffee

Spices like cinnamon, cloves, muscat… I used 15 gr. Vanilla etheric oil

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The process is similar to any cold process soap. Only make the coffee infusion a couple of hours before to allow it to cool down. At first I thought to strain the coffee but afterwards I considered that the ground coffee would add an exfoliating touch.

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To finish I mixed a part of the soap with 2 tablespoons of kaolin and made some lighter swirls.

Goat’s milk soap

In our family we have some members who suffer of very dry skin and eczema and for this reason I wanted to make some goat’s milk soap. Although we try to minimize animal products at home, this soap contains milk and honey… (this one is definitely not a vegan soap but castor oil have nothing to do with the animal fat of Castor sp. It comes from the plant of Ricinus communis.).

I made a lot of research before  starting, about how to treat the milk. We have a very small freezer and soon we won’t have any, so freezing the milk isn’t a very realistic option for me. I found the “room temperature” method described in some pages, but it seemed strange to me to mix the milk directly with the oils. So I decided to adapt this method to my preferences.

And here my “modus operandi“.

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Ingredients:

Olive oil 386 gr.

coconut oil 319 gr.

goat’s milk 205 gr.

water 150 gr.

sunflower oil 140 gr.

lye 138,2 gr.

Shea butter 106 gr.

castor oil 56 gr.

oats 4 table spoons

honey 1 table spoon

cinnamon 1 table spoon

essential oil 15 gr.

To begin I weighted all the ingredients and left apart the half of the Shea butter for the superfatting. Afterwards I melted my solid oils.

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Then I mixed the oils and added the lye solution (which was very concentrated, almost 50%)

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Mix well and stir with the blender (watch out with air bubbles!!).

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When the oils started to react with the lye I added the goat’s milk, that was so cold as possible.Image

When all the oils where perfectly incorporated and the mixture started to thicken:

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I added a spoonful of honey.

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And afterwards the Shea butter for the superfatting, the oats’ flour, and the cinnamon.

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Trace came very, very quickly as you can see in the pics, and finally I added 15 grams of vanilla food “essence”. You can see how difficult it was to pour the soap into the mould.Image

I extended some oats over the soap for exfoliation and decoration.

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Here the mess (not such a lot as other times…).

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Removing the soap from the mould.

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To cut it, it is better to put the upper side with the oats at the bottom.

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And voilà! A bar cut with a crinkle cutter.

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I never take temperatures and I didn´t put any of my mixtures into an ice bath (I never have ice at home!!!), but I allowed oils and lye solution to cool down as much as possible, and when I added the milk it has been into the fridge since the night before. In the other hand, I think it’s a bad idea to put something warm or even hot inside the fridge, since it means a high energy expense. In this case, the dark tone of the soap comes from the vanilla essence. Milk didn´t scorch and didn´t stink at any point.

Shampoo 2.0

So, I finally made the shampoo, according to the Frugally sustainable recipe and following the steps of the hot process description at Mendrulandia. I found the process quite easy (although at some point I thought something went wrong and my attempt won’t succeed), although I very prefer the cold stuff, which by the way don’t need extra gas or electricity.
I also prefer how the cold process soaps look like. However, hot process have a really interesting advantage: soap is immediately ready for use (although it’s better that it rests for a week in order to loose all the extra water). I measured PH during the process and stop to “cook” the soap when it reached 7-8. After 4-5 hours I unmolded the batch and an hour after I cut it into bars.

Next time I would like to try the “Cold Process-Oven Process“, although I have to think which recipient I could use as a mold. It seems quite less messy and soaps have a prettier aspect.

I took some photos of the process (I’ll try to be more accurate next time).

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Oils and butters.

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Lye, water and coconut oil mixture (not sure if I misunderstood something at this point)

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Shampoo as it was when I put it in the oven.

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Finished shampoo hardening in the mold.

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Ph stripe after last meassurement (7-8)

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Whole batch

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Some cut bars

And my camera ran out of battery, so, more photos maybe tomorrow. You will see that the bars are more “rustical” than those of cold process, but I hope it works so well as them. If you tried it you can tell me or leave a comment below.

Final picture comes in a separate post since I’m not capable to add it here.

Zutaten: Kokosöl, Olivenöl, Kokosnussmilch, Rhizinusöl, Wasser, Natronlauge, Jojobaöl, Sheabutter, Kakaobutter, Bienenwachs, ätherische Ööle. (Bergamote, Lemongrass, Orange and Patchouli)

First hot process shampoo

If all goes well, tomorrow I will “cook” my first hot process soap. It will be a shampoo. Recently I made a big shampoo batch with the recipe of Kris (Mandrágora Project, Vallekas). I use this shampoo since January and for me it works perfectly. However a friend of mine told me this midday that it is not working for her, so I did my research and as I want that the shampoo is ready as soon as possible I decided to try hot processI think I will follow the recipe of “Frugally Sustainable“, with pachouli and orange essential oils and, maybe, henna. I think henna is magical to take care of hair, so I use to put it in all my hair products.

Process, final product and impressions coming soon.

Kernseife. Jabón de la abuela

Das Küchenöl eines Jahres in Seife verwandelt, nach der Rezeptur meiner Oma. Immer kaltgerührt. El aceite de un año reciclado en jabón, según la receta de mi abuela. Siempre procesado en frío.

3 Liter altes Öl (am bestem Olivenöl, falls nicht hier gucken um die Menge zu berechnen)

3 Liter Wasser

500 Gram Natronlauge

3 litros de aceite de oliva usado (para otros aceites consultar aquí)

3 litros de agua

500 gramos de sosa

(Bitte, wenn du niemals Seife hergestellt hast, informiert dich zuerst über die gebraucht von Natronlauge und die Sicherheitsanleitungen)

(Por favor si nunca has hecho jabón, infórmate antes de nada sobre el uso de sosa cáustica y las medidas de precaución)

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